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Non-invasive Cardiology Examination
Can Include one or more of the following services (depending on the patient’s risk for heart disease):
  • Echocardiography: ultrasound of the heart that produces images to determine the heart function and valvular abnormalities.This technique provides helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart and the pumping activity of the heart muscle. An Echocardiogram also gives other estimates of heart function such as: the cardiac output, ejection fraction, and diastolic function.
  • Carotid Duplex: ultrasound recording to determine any abnormalities in the carotid arteries like carotid stenosis (narrowing).
  • Peripheral Doppler: to examine the blood flow in major arteries in the arms and legs and measure the Ankle-Brachial pressure Index (ABI).
  • Intima-Media Thickness (IMT): ultrasound measurement of the thickness of the tunica intima and tunica media, the two innermost layers of the arterial wall. This technique is used to detect the presence of atherosclerotic disease (plaque formation in the arteries) that can lead to cardiovascular disease.
  • Pulse Wave Velocity: to measure the central blood pressure for early detection of arterial stiffness which has a strong correlation with cardiovascular events.
  • Coronary Calcium CT-scan: uses a special X-Ray test called computed tomography (CT)  to check for the buildup of calcium in the coronary arteries, known as the Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) Score.
  • Chest X-Ray: a projection radiograph of the chestand structures contained within the thoracic cavity including the lungs, heart, and great vessels.